The Mughal Library which is popularly known as the India Office Library and is located at Sikandra on the India – Pakistan border is the primary source of reference for all subjects related to all aspects of the History, culture and economy of India. With its extensive collection of rare and antique texts and periodicals, this library has something to offer to all who are interested in ancient civilisations and their legacies. It is believed that the library of this region was first established during the time of Babur, the last of the mughal emperors . Over a period of time, it has come to comprise all the records that were required by all levels of government and private individuals for a number of purposes.
The Mughal Library was named after the region where it was located, Sikandra, the capital of the famous mughal empire. It was also said that Shah Jahan, the first of the great Timurid, ordered the construction of this library. This library contained a large collection of rare and antique works, many of which are still visible today. In addition, there were also many inscriptions within the walls of the mughal library that give information about various subjects, including civilisations and dynasties, as well as the advancements that were made in each area. The inscriptions also describe various subjects and battles that were fought during the time of the Mughals.
Today, the Mughal Library serves all the same functions as it did during the mughal era. It is a repository of information for the public and scholars. It is the single largest centre of information for the entire Indian subcontinent, with the presence of numerous other libraries and institutions of various sizes in different parts of the country. It also houses the largest collection of books in India. Students looking for research needs can make use of the library.
Students who wish to start a research project focusing on any aspect of the history of any nation or region in the world can make use of the library. Researchers can consult the volumes on the history of their region or of the world. They can also consult the maps available in the library which help in navigation. The collection is so vast that the library has an impressive range of over 4000 titles. The major areas of concentration of the library are as follows:
The Persian Mughal Library: This library has a collection of some eleven thousand volumes, including some four thousand miniatures. The miniatures in this library comprise of a large number of intricately designed miniature paintings. The miniatures portray scenes from the beautiful cities and landscapes of the then-younger Mughal Empire. The city of Jaipur is featured in the miniatures. One of the most striking parts of the collection is a wall painting depicting the scene of the Golden Triangle which was the prominent trade centre in the then-younger Mughal Empire. The other areas of focus in the collections are the early period and the Later period of the Mughal Empire.
The Birla Temple: The Birla Temple is located near the entrance of the erstwhile city of Birla. The temple is dedicated to Lord Brahma, the creator of the world. The bookstores of the library have a great collection of books about the various aspects of Indian economy, the social conditions in India in the early mughals and the mughal era. The library has an archive of films and documentaries about the early and the late mughals.